When you eat, your digestive system—especially your stomach and intestines—get to work gleaning protein, vitamins, fats, and carbs from your food. These nutrients enter your bloodstream, and your body puts them to use for energy, growth, and repair.
But none of this could happen without digestive enzymes; according to the experts at Harvard Medical School, the three main types are:
- Protease pulls proteins from food and converts them into amino acids and small peptides to build and repair.
- Amylase breaks down carbohydrates into simple sugars for energy.
- Lipase breaks down fats into fatty acids.